Colour Theory

Color-Theory-Infographic.jpgWhy do we see colour?

When light is shone onto an object, it absorbs some of the light and the rest is reflected at it’s surface. Our eyes take the light reflected and interpret these as colours.

What are the three primary colours?

Red, Blue, Yellow

What are the three secondary colours?

Purple, Orange, Green

What are complementary colours to the three primaries?

Orange/Blue, Green/Red and Purple/Yellow

What does RGB mean?

It is referring to a system that is used to represent colours on a computer display.

What does PMS mean when talking about colour?

PMS means Pantone Matching System, a system made by a company to try and better match colours across different industries and manufacturers. 

What does CMYK mean?

It is a colour model used in colour printing. It refers to the four inks used, Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Key (black).

What is a tint?

The mixture of a colour with white to increase its lightness.

What is a shade?

The mixture of a colour with black to decrease its lightness.

What does ‘spot’ colour mean?

Any colour generated by pure ink using a single run.

How many colours do we need to print full colour?

Four, Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Key

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